Meet the Moon Gazing Farmers of India by Colonel Ajay Ahlawat –
In search of a higher crop yield, an increasing number of Indian farmers are opting for biodynamic agriculture in several states across the country. Take the example of 69-year-old Sarvdaman Patel, of Gujarat’s Anand. Often he can be seen standing in agricultural tracks, at noon, making observations that for a layman could be benign. It’s not the harsh sun that bothers him but the position of the moon. He claims that the position of the moon plays a vital role in the flowering of his crops.
Patel is not one of the astrologists but an Indian farmer, who is using Bio-dynamic agricultural technology to cultivate his crops. Explaining Bio-Dynamic Agriculture, Colonel Ajay Ahlawat said, “This agricultural technique uses the moon’s moment across the 12 zodiac signs in a time span of two-and-a-half days in a month.”
What is Bio-Dynamics Agriculture?
As the name suggests this technology uses the dynamics of life and nature to enhance the agricultural yield. This technique or method applies natural resources and principles to heal and balance the soil nutrient which in turn gives a better yield when farmed. This method of farming works towards treating the farm like a living being, which interacts with its environment and uses it for the development of the humanity. “This method aims at producing a living soil, by increasing its biological activity in accordance with the planetary and cosmic movements. To be precise, a lot depends on the movement of the moon, sun and planets. Their cosmic energies are coordinated in such a way that it benefits the growth of the plants. One can say, that this method provides a completely new holistic approach for better agriculture,” explained Colonel Ajay Ahlawat. However, this methodology is not just dependent on the celestial movement but also relies heavily on natural composts, which the farmer generally has to prepare.
How popular is Bio-Dynamic Agriculture in India?
If you are thinking that this is a relatively new method of cultivation in India, then you are wrong. For this method of agriculture is being practised in India since the late Nineties. According to the Biodynamic Association of India (BDAI), there are about a lakh Indian farmers hailing from Maharashtra, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh and Uttarakhand, who have been practising this new method of agriculture, which has now spread out to Gujarat. However, most of the consumers buying these crops are least aware of their method of cultivation as they are mostly sold off as ‘organic’ veggies or fruits.
“Several researchers conducted in India, comparing the crop yield of genetically modified crops and the biodynamic crops, have time and again concluded that the crops harvested using the latter technology are more superior. Not just are the quality of the food grains better but also the yields are more stable. And the best thing is that this technology doesn’t hamper the soil quality. On the contrary, the soil quality gets bettered, which in a way facilitated better living condition for the soil microbes,” explained Col Ajay Ahlawat.
Citing the example of Vivek Cariappa, the biodynamic farmer from Kodaikanal, Col Ajay Ahlawat added, “He has been a biodynamic farmer for almost 15 years now. His farm yield has remained almost stable, while those farmers farming using the traditional method have had to harvest not so steady crop yields.”
A fresh convert to Bio-Dynamic farming is Noida’s Amir Ahmed, a corporate trainer and dancer, who in his work zone met affluent but unhealthy individuals. This gave Ahmed the idea of setting up a farm in Noida itself. He thus partnered with a friend to invest in the 1.5-acre farm, where they use Bio-Dynamic technology to crow crops devoid of chemicals.
Get your own Compost
It’s not just the moon-cycle that a Bio-Dynamic farmer has to follow. He also has to invest time in developing a natural compost system, which uses cow manure and other organic matter is fermented in an underground tank and is used as fertilizers. Many farmers use tricks like planting onions next to cauliflowers to not just take care of pest, in a natural way
However, Col Ajay Ahlawat warned, “Bio-Dynamic farming has its own pitfalls too, as it’s a very specialized type of farming which the small and poor farmers will find it difficult to adapt to. The procedure to become a certified bio-dynamic farmer is not just expensive but cumbersome too. However, one can’t deny the benefits of being such a farmer. It thus comes as no surprise to see a large number of Indian farmers turning into bio-dynamic farmers.”
However, despite the benefits, this new type of farming needs to be popularized in a more concerted way, so that the masses can avail the benefits of such method of agriculture, which finally boils down to the gradual elimination of crops cultivated with the help of chemicals from our dining tables.
It was a sweltering March afternoon when Amateur Riders’ Club took on a fierce polo team from Argentina at Mumbai’s Mahalaxmi Racecourse. Representing the Indian team were Colonel Ravi Rathod, Abhimanyu Pathak, Salim Azmi and Mitesh Mehta. The game that stood before them was a fierce one as they were taking on Argentina, a country which has some of the most amazing turfs and has also been dubbed as Polo’s Cathedral.
The collective shouts of “Go Abby!” made it clear that Pathak was a hot favourite. And why not, after all, India is considered to be the birthplace of modern polo – a sport, which is not popular, thanks to its elitist tag, which makes the common man believe that is beyond their pursuit.
“The general perception being that Polo is a hobby sport for the rich and that not many make it as an accomplished professional polo player in India. However, the public opinion has been unable to deter the grit of the closely knit community of polo players in India, who are taking small but steady steps towards gaining relevance in the sports community today,” noted Polo enthusiast Colonel Ajay Ahlawat.
With corporate patronage and first-generation female players stepping into experimentation with audience-friendly format, polo is doing everything possible to carve out a decent public patronage for itself.
Take the example of Pathak, he is one of India’s finest polo players. He happens to be a first-generation player, who is making a living by playing the sport. He happened to an enthusiastic horse rider with an affinity for the game. Pathak hails from Delhi and had to face resistance from his family. Hence he left his home, joined a call centre and financed his polo lessons at the Army Polo and Riding Club.
Since then there has been no looking back for this polo enthusiast, who now has an annual contract with polo patron Sunjay Kapur’s Sona Polo team. He has also represented India in three World Championship and looks strong as one of the best players in the Indian polo circuit.
However, most polo players and enthusiasts are highly disappointed with the way media covers polo games. “Most polo matches are covered as a Page 3 event. Celebrities watching the matches are covered, what they wore and binged on are reported about. But not a single word is written about the game or the players. Only the local papers in Jaipur, write about every single polo match,” noted Colonel Ajay Ahlawat.
For, those new to this sport, let’s explain, that Polo is a swift sport. Each match comprises four-eight chukkers. A full match lasts for about an hour. Despite the speed, the horses and all the added attractions, Polo has always struggled to find a large Indian audience.
The first and foremost reason for polo to have not many takers is the size of the ground needed to play polo. “Three times the size of a football field is needed for a single polo field. Most cities lack such huge space. A city like Pune, which is building on equestrian culture lack proper facilities to train polo enthusiasts,” said Col Ajay Ahlawat.
Also, the fact that to play professionally, the players need to buy their own horse and pay for their upkeep, acts as a deterrent for many. “Polo is an extremely fast game and that makes it not so television friendly, to telecast it live elaborate multiple camera set-ups would be needed. This factor also dampens the chance of polo gaining popularity with the masses,” added Col Ajay Ahlawat.
However, things could change fast, with the now non-descript Bhavnagar, a town in Gujarat, being transformed into a hub for polo. Chirag Parekh, a polo enthusiast and a granite manufacturer are trying his best to transform this humble town into a polo hub. He even aspires to rename it as Polonagar. “He has even set up the Bhavnagar Polo Club in 2010 and since then his club is offering mentorship programmes for local players,” pointed out Col Ajay Ahlawat.
Parekh has also revived the cycle polo. He also owns a cycle polo team. Cycle polo has attracted a lot of enthusiasts from the small towns and from the looks of it, the Cycle Federation of India is all set to organize a league championship along the lines of the Indian Premier League. A similar attempt is being made to revive the horse polo. In 2017, Parekh had organized the first edition of the Champions Polo League. The tournament had witnessed an attendance of about 20000 and had got sponsorship from luxury labels like – Land Rover, Maserati and Harley-Davidson, along with various Gujarati Pharma Companies.
With young blood and new patrons, it looks like polo is on the verge of getting a big-time boost in India.
Water ATMs an easy Solution to Counter both Water Crisis and Water Safety by Col Ajay Ahlawat –
About three-fourths of the world comprises water but despite that, there are perhaps thousands of household across the world that have to walk miles in search of drinking water or have almost no access to drinking water.
At a time when water crisis is becoming a global crisis, Hyderabad’s Krunakara M Reddy, CMD of Smaat India, is an example that we should emulate or follow. Reddy, who has been felicitated by CNN as the Jal Daan Hero, in 2017, has been successfully running community water centres across South India.
“What is most amazing about Reddy is the fact that he has managed to inspire not one but about 2.5 million people across South India to donate at least five litres of water on a daily basis to those who don’t have access to safe drinking water,” noted Colonel Dato Ajay Ahlawat.
Reddy, had been felicitated by CNN in the august presence of Devendra Fadnavis, the Chief Minister of Maharashtra and Bollywood diva, Madhuri Dixit. Reddy, hails from
Karunkara, who hails from Mahabubnagar district of Telangana and began his career with Pepsi. And is a winner of Quality Crown Award for his innovation in Water Technology. At present, he is the CMD of Smaat, a company, which is a pioneer when it comes to providing environmental solutions, including water and air. His company has been successful in introducing eco-friendly, non-chemical technologies globally. And looks all set to launch a new project under which he plans to have about 10,000 water plants installed selected rural areas of India by the end of 2020.
“I presume that it’s a really nice initiative to make safe drinking water available in villages, at an affordable rate. These water plants will definitely serve the rural and marginalized people to have easy access to drinking water. What more, the water that will be distributed through this will be free of fluoride, arsenic, pesticides and other impurities,” points out Col Ajay Ahlawat.
Col Ahlawat points out that water ATMs could be a miracle of recent times and provide an easy solution for zones where register a high footfall like schools and railway stations etc. “Also the fact that these dispensers are a source for cold water during the scorching summers, can definitely prove to be beneficial for those with little access to pure drinking water,” adds Col Ajay Ahlawat.
He also opined that these water ATMs can be a boon for consumers hailing from the lower middle-class society, who are in search of pure drinking water while travelling but can afford to buy the sealed packaged water which is available at higher prices.
He said, “With easy access to safe drinking water at an affordable price, will definitely cause health benefits to the poor travellers, who are generally forced to consume tap water, which many a time can cause digestive health disorder.” According to most health experts, consumption of contaminated water can cause an adverse health risk. Also, the supply of safe drinking water is very limited in India, rather globally, hence setting up of such water ATMs can definitely assure the people about getting quality water for general consumption.
When Ranthambore becomes a little more than Forests and Tigers by Col Ajay Ahlawat –
Col Ajay Ahlawat says that when we think of Ranthmabore, we think of Big Cats, but have you ever visualized driving through the sandy terrain of Rajasthan, listening to the folk music? Have you ever imagined how the khartaal could leave you spell bound by its melodious tune, pulling you towards Ranthambore, the most talked about place of Rajasthan.
So, if you thought that Ranthambore was all about tigers and no fun, then you are wrong. For the Ranthambore Festival happens to be the only folk music festival that comes laced with an offer of experiencing the wildlife.
Hosted annually at Ranthambore’s Nahargarh Palace, this Festival happens to be a must ‘to attend’ event for both the music and nature lovers. Flagged off in the year 2016, the Ranthambore Festival aims at promoting folk music and art along with wildlife conservation. Ranthambore is India’s premium national park, housing tigers and sloth bears.
“I presume that this is a very nice initiative, which has been co-founded by Abhimanyu Alsisar and Ashutosh Pande. The festival not just hosts curated event with regards to folk music, folk art and tribal art and pottery but also includes panel discussions on issues related to wildlife conservation, tiger safaris, screening of documentaries, star gazing and including heritage tour,” points out Colonel Ajay Ahlawat.
This year too, Ranthambore looks all set to host this event. Speaking about the experience that it offers, he says, “This is a festival like no other. It’s got world class music content, a chance to engage with India’s wildlife fraternity and learn about conservation efforts, participate in interactive workshops and of course one of the most magical moments for me has got to be a trip to the Ranthambore Forest Reserve.”
This musical cum wildlife extravaganza is hosted by The Entertainment Co will be having artistes and musicians from Israel, Germany, Bangladesh and India. The company has announced that they are trying their best to make this event a family-friendly event.
During an interview Subramanian Iyer, the managing director of the company said, “The key highlight for the musical event is the artist line-up that we have.” During the interview to India.com he stated, “We had musicians write to us from across the world showing their enthusiasm because it is a festival with a wonderful story and a fairytale-like setting. We were also excited to play an active role in marketing the festival and raising sponsorship. This year, we were pleased to have brands like Jeep, BookaSmile, FirstStone and Singleton to partner with us, Col Ajay Ahlawat”
The most unique feature of the fest is the documentary on folk music. The documentary begins with the co-founder embarking on a road trip in Rajasthan, in search of music that the world has long forgotten. The basic concept of this is to digitally document the forgotten folk music and dance forms of the Desert State, thus as a participant attending the musical and wildlife extravaganza, you can expect this festival to connect with fascinating personalities, who have a passion for both music and wildlife and conservation of forest.
Adding to that Col Ajay Ahlawat said, “The Ranthambore Festival, in a way is about discovering music, wildlife, rustic India and beyond. The festival gives you a chance to explore and discover facets of nature and wildlife that you rarely a chance to explore. It also gives you the opportunity to connect with like-minded people who also nurse a passion for music and wildlife conservation.”
Colonel Ajay Ahlawat views on Cyclone in Bharatpur, Alwar, Bikaner & in Dholpur, Rajasthan-
The district collectors of Bharatpur, Alwar, Bikaner and Dholpur, were in for a shocker when all their pre-approved leaves had to be cancelled. Thanks to the high alert issued by the MeT department of Rajasthan, which put the desert state on red alert along with others by forecasting a series of thunderstorms and squalls ravaging northern India.
What followed were thunderstorms and squalls with the wind blowing at a speed of 50-70km per hour that resulted in a devastating sandstorm which killed 35 people in Rajasthan before entering Uttar Pradesh. Bharatpur Collector Sandesh Nayak was quick enough to announce a disaster alert in the district and even made an announcement that asked the general public to be alert for the next few days. The villagers were strictly advised to not take refuge under trees or in weak building or construction sites.
“During a natural disaster, it becomes the responsibility of the common man to take care of themselves and their family along with their houses. Those in villages need to take care of not cooking food in the open. On May 2 some fire incidents had also been noted. The state authority is placed to take care of thing but the public too should be motivated to take care of themselves,” felt Colonel Dato Ajay Ahlawat.
Under such a trying condition the district police of Bharatpur did some amazing work with their Police quick response, search and rescue teams. The power department, in particular, had been asked to shut down the power supply. Before nature played a truant and created a greater havoc.
However, despite the squall and the storm subsiding, the rural regions of Alwar and Bharatpur districts had to wait for a good three to four days for the electricity supply to be restored. The high-speed squall and sandstorm had disrupted the electricity supply poles at many a place.
Major damages were reported in Bharatpur and Alwar, where not just trees fell but also transformers and power cables were snapped, thereby plunging many localities into days of darkness.
“According to reports, the officials had begun the electricity restoration work immediately after the storm subsided. The electricity of urban areas was restored first, followed by the restoration of electricity in rural areas of Bharatpur and Alwar. According to official figures, about 6000 poles had been disrupted in Bharatpur alone. And 1,500-2,000 transformers have been reportedly damaged during the storm,” maintained by Col Ajay Ahlawat.
Accordingly, power discoms got cracking on their task to restore electricity while the administration got busy with the survey to assess the damage that the squall did to the houses and other public properties in Bharatpur.
According to Rajasthan’s power minister Pushpendra Singh arrangements had been made to immediately restore 13000 poles and transformers and other materials that are needed for the restoration of electricity in Bharatpur and other districts of Rajasthan. However, priority has been given to the restoration of electricity at premises that caters to public needs like government hospitals etc in Bharatpur and Alwar.
State disaster management minister Gulabchand Kataria Rajasthan maintained that work was being done to restore water and electricity supply in storm-affected districts. He also indicated that families would be compensated under the State Disaster Relief Fund if they have been listed as the casualties in the calamity list, which will be brought out by the administration, once the survey has been done.
Meanwhile, Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje has visited Bharatpur to console families who have lost family members during the dust storm. She has promised a compensation of R 4 lakh to the families of those killed during the dust storm.
It is during such natural disasters that man is once again taught that nothing is worse than the fury of nature. “Rampant chopping down of trees, filling up of water sources and deforestation in a way is responsible for such natural disasters. It’s high time that man starts taking care of nature, else, be ready to face its wrath,” summed up Col Ajay Ahlawat.
An increasing number of urban dwellers are resorting to reaping their organic harvest as it promises natural, safer and healthier produce
Gone are the days when city dwellers were solely dependent on the farmers for vegetables. With the growing popularity of community farming or having your own kitchen garden is making city dwellers venturing out into the fields and harvesting their own produce just for the sake of ensuring that the veggies they get
Farming, as we know, is a traditional occupation that’s been followed since time immemorial. But the organic farming concept is gaining prominence in India not only in the farming community but also among the city dwellers as we can see a lot of individuals venturing into this field.
ABC of Organic Farming
The growing of crops without using fertilizers or pesticides to increase the yield can be termed as organic farming. Colonel Dato Ajay Ahlawat, a pioneer in organic farming maintains, “When we cultivate crops the organic way, we use animal manures, house-hold organic wastes and methods like crop rotation to increase the productivity.” Col Ajay Ahlawat has played a major role in popularizing the concept of organic farming in Haryana.
Col Ajay Ahlawat adds, “This concept is definitely not new to we Indians, but with the advent of green revolution, we had become very dependent on the pesticides and insecticides to increase the yield. However, over the years, people have realized that the use of chemicals has only caused long-term harm, both to the environment and human bodies. Hence, the new-age health-conscious consumers are going back to farming the organic way.”
However, one needs to understand, farming the organic way means lesser produce and more consumer demands to meet. Under such a scenario, the government needs to come up with programmes or initiatives that will encourage more individuals to farm the organic way.
Why the organic way?
With both farmers and consumers realizing the perils of using chemicals, many farmers and consumers are taking the organic way out. Taking a cue, many urban have begun farming their own crops. “From farm to fork, seems to be the new mantra for all. Thus many urban dwellers are either opting to grow their own crops or going for the e-commerce stores to purchase their organic goodies.
“Many from the IT industry have jumped into organic farming. If you do a bit of research, you will be able to see many like Bangalore-based teenager Laxminarayan Srinivasaiah, taking a sabbatical from their full-fledged career to grow organic crops. It’s not just him, there is another IT professional, again Bangalore-based, who has introduced the concept of shared organic farming. Where urban farmers rent out farms as small as 600 square feet and farm their own crops. Generally, these farmers reach their farms over the weekends and tend to their crops,” elaborates Col Ajay Ahlawat.
Knowledge is power
Market experts predict that the demand for organic food is likely to increase by a good 16 percent in the next three years in India and by 2020 the market is likely to increase by 25 percent.
Elaborating on the increasing popularity of organic farming, Col Ajay Ahlawat mentions, “Sikkim has gone the organic way and we are witnessing the same in Andhra Pradesh. In these two states, the government has taken on the responsibility of motivating the farmers to go the organic way.”
To popularize organic farming in every Indian state, workshops related to community-based organic farming, methods for cultivation and harmful effects of pesticides needs to be conducted.
“Better knowledge of crop cultivation, transparency and honest buyer-seller is needed for the business of organic food to thrive. The recently launched National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP), which helps with the accreditation of organic food produced before they are delivered to food marts, can definitely boost the organic food production,” says Col Ajay Ahlawat.
Omens for Auspicious and Inauspicious Horse | Colonel Ajay Ahlawat Polo
By Hony Captain Jai Lall Ahlawat, OBI, Skinners Horse Riyasaat- i -Gochhi.
This paper is written in response to the invitation of Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru ji, who was a great Horseman and lover of Horses. (The love for equines runs in the family and Ms Priyanka Gandhi is a lover of horses and an accomplished rider, Master Rehan her son is a upcoming rider too). On Punditji’s visit to Equitation school of Sagar he met Honorary Captain Jai Lall, S/O Ram Bux of Skinners Horse – Gochhi – Haryana. Honorary Captain Jai Lall went on to become pundit Nehru’s riding instructor; Honorary Captain Jai Lall joined the Skinners horse on 04 July 1922 at the age of eighteen years. In his total service of 24 years and 6 months he attained rank of Jemador on the 16 July 1933 and Rissaldar on 01 Sep 1937. He became Honorary Lieutenant with effect 01 Jan 1947. He went on to be the Rissaldar major of one of the finest regiments of Indian army- 1 Horse [Skinners Horse]. He was a born Horseman and Warrior who attended the following courses:-
Equitation School, Sagar where he got “distinguished” and was retained as Army Instructor and continued to be the Chief Instructor for over 10 years. He was awarded THE ORDER OF BRITISH INDIA in appreciation of his services.
Having served in Sudan, Entreat, Greece and Abyssinia as official Squadron Commander was finally transferred to the depot at Ferozepur in Sept 1941. His father Shri Ram Bux also served in the Military, his elder brother served in the last war and later was captured in Turkey and died there under their custody. His son and his grand children continue to carry on the tradition of the family by serving in the Indian cavalry.
From his vast personal experiences and knowledge collected from talking/riding and battling with Horsemen and folklore of various Countries mainly Cassava, Entrea, Sudan, Abyssinia, Suez, Greece, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Italy, Japan, Germany and India and Ceylon were consolidated in his dairy. The information gained, which he shared with Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru during his various visits and safaris/hack rides at the equestrian school of Sagar , and national defence academy,Pune, Punditji told him to pen it down for his personal collection and use of future generation and cavalry regiments. The information contained has been gathered and compiled by Hony Captain Jai Lall Ahlawat of Skinners Horse- Gochhi, who was the Chief Riding Instructor of the Equitation School of Sagar, Madhya Pradesh. Equitation School, Sagar has been renowned as one of the best equestrian training schools of the world, during the British Raj, top riders from all over the world came to learn the finer skills of equestrian in Sagar. Top Horsemen from Germany, United Kingdoms, Russia and India ,were trained under him who went on to become world champions and excelled in the Art of Horsemanship. His notes have been passed on to many around the world and are to this day referred to by all horse lovers. The originals were gifted by Pundit Nehru under his personal signatures to the National Defence Academy Museum.
Capt Jai Lall advises the purchaser of a horse to first look at the horse with the horse-cloth on the horse’s body. This was with a view that the beauty of the horse’s body may not distract the attention of the buyer off the more important parts, namely, the horse’s legs and feet. People are apt to ignore the essential parts, namely the legs and feet of a horse, and attach undue importance to non –essentials and the more unimportant parts, the legs and the feet of a horse, are often neglected while too much weight is attached to make of the body. But even this negligence is nothing compared to the importance some people when buying a horse, do not care so much for the purity of its breed, or soundness or right conformation of the body and limbs, as to its freedom from the so called unlucky marks.
These are known as “Balbhamria” (Whorl) “Brownies” or feather marks. They are swirls of twists in the growth of the hair sometimes in circles, at other times as elongated stripes where some hair grow unevenly or across the general direction of the hair. No matter how pure breed the horse may be, or perfectly sound limbs, eyesight and wind or good confirmation of the body the horse may possess in the animal has but one of the unlucky marks, it is at once rejected; whilst another
Animal low-bred, unsound and misshapen may be readily given preference if it is the fortunate possessor of one of the “Brownies” to which superstition attaches good luck. These marks are found on various parts of the body, and the belief whether are unlucky does not differ only in different countries but also in provinces of the same country. For instance the mark commonly known as “Gomez” found on the horse’s chest under the girth is considered as one of the most unlucky marks in India, whereas it is looked upon a very lucky mark by the Arabs. Conversely, “Debunk” is considered lucky in India to be very lucky mark by the Arabs. Conversely “Debunk” is considered in India to be very lucky and so effective that all other unlucky marks are nullified if the horse has “Debunk”. There are many such feather-marks, some lucky and others unlucky; but for the present I give below as said above, a translation of some such quaint marks as are found transcribed in the “ Duchene Dials”(Duchene Dials) Part 34, from an old book. Jai Lall Ahlawat noted a folktale about a king who had is his household a slave, Elbama, who among the sciences, also knew about good and bad feather marks of horses, and he showed his worth on an occasion when a merchant brought one hundred horses to the king for sale. The merchant had such a handsome and spirited horse that the king thought that he had never seen the like of it before and wanted to buy it. The merchant demanded fifty thousand rupees for its price. The King thought of Elbama and ordered him in his presence to look the horse over. Among the courtiers were many good judges of horse-flesh yet Elbama, having been ordered examined the horse and said “May it please your Majesty, I have examined the horse; it is good in every way, but if any one mounts this horse the rider will surely die”. “All the courtiers and horsemen/ laughed at this. The king asked Elbama if he knew about the horses and if so, ordered him to explain. Elbama said: “O Gracious King, the horses which this merchant has brought for sale are all full of defects that if any of them is purchased and kept in the Royal Stables, it will bring ruin to your Kingdom.
Capt Jai Lall Ahlawat studied and recovered the sixty defects told by Ashrupat Rishi to his son Shalotri 60(sixty) evident defects in horses. Besides these there are twelve in the make of the excrescence resembling a horn.
It is called “Ekshringi” Raja Bharthari had such a horse and it ruined the King. Therefore it will not be well to buy this horse.
This 2nd horse though one coloured has many spots of white, black, red and yellow colours. It is known as “Anjno”. Shri Ramchandraji had such an inauspicious horse, and he had to seek refuge in the desert. Therefore such an inauspicious horse should not be bought, lest it should bring trouble.
The 3rd horse has a hole in one of its ears. If one or both the ears are so marked, the horse is called “Parkarno” and ruins the owner. Since the day King Harishchandra brought such a horse in his stable, trouble overcame him, he lost his kingdom and went about begging; so if you buy this horse the course of the heavens will be on you.
The 4th horse has in the middle of the lower part of its tail, a figure like” “Gujarati (four). It is called “ Mukhapit”. Raja Kaunsh had such a horse and his kingdom was lost.
The 5th has a feather mark in one of his armpits. It is termed “ Kukhapit”. Raja Mahipal had such a horse, and all king’s relatives died before him.
The 6th has 7 incisors instead of 6 it is called “Adhikdanto”. Wherever such a horse goes, constant troubles and quarrels arise.
The 7th horse has five incisors. It is termed “ Hindanto”. Such a horse, if bred and brought up in the owners stud, is harmless to the owner, but if purchased its arrival would be attended by quarrels and family trouble.
The 8th horse has a “Parrot mouth”. It is termed “Karali” and sends the owner prematurely to his grave.
The 9th horse is “Undershot” i.e., its lower jaw projects beyond the upper. It is termed “Vikrali” and brings ruin to the owner. Bali Raja owned such an animal so his kingdom was lost therefore it is an undesirable purpose.
The 10th horse has a black spot on his pallet it is termed as “kadamtal” and brings a complete monetary loss to the owner.
The 11th horse has a feather mark on his ear it is termed “kukhapatiyo” king Judheshwar owned such a horse which caused the ruin of his whole family and country.
The 12th horse has five lines across his pallet it is “Punch Mukho” since Nalla Raja bought such a horse he lost his kingdom and had to take shelter in the forests.
The 13th horse had a black spot in an otherwise whole colour it is termed “Shamalmukho” .King Dagawa had such a horse and the king was dethroned.
The 14th horse’s head is like a serpants head it is termed as “Haiyamukho”. King Parikshit owned such a horse and misery overcame him and his kingdom.
The 15th horse has a additional small hoof besides the four natural hoof’s. It seemed five hoofed and it is termed “Panchcharno”. It is the worst of all the bad marks and one who owns such a horse may not have anything left to eat or shelter for rest so such a horse should not be bought.
O King such defects are not confined to horses but they are also found in cattle, elephants and camels, but they defer with different species of animals and therefore one should turn from these undesirable animals. The king said clever man, I have in my stud horses with all these 15 kind of defects enumerated by the way, and I have not suffered in any way. What thou hast has described is mere superstition entertained by men of weak mind. It is ridiculous to hold innocent animals responsible for unhappiness and misery befalling human beings. However there is something to know in such things as thou didst relate so go on with the character of the other horses.
Elbama said: may it please the King, it is a fact that superstitions do not affect them at all who do not entertain them, but once a superstitions belief takes hold of men’s mind it will surely affect him; so if it pleases the king let this matter be dropped “the king said”, no let me know more about the defects to which horses are liable to go on. “Elamba continuing said;
The 16th horse is whole coloured but has a black spot on his chest it is termed “ Kalojani”. It would cause the owners death
The 17th horse is whole coloured but has a black spot on his left arm it is called “ Kandmjani”. It is undesirable as it would bring destruction to the owner and his family
The 18th horse is also whole coloured but has a yellow spot on his right arm it is termed “Pilojani”. Such a horse lessens the span of the owner’s life.
The 19th horse has a white spot on his chin. It is called “sufedjani”. It would cause death of the bride.
The 20th horse has the skin around his throat very loose and wrinkled. It is called “ Kushanki” . Such a horse causes death of the mistress of the house.
The 21st horse has one “wall-eye”. It is called “Anglo”, and cause death of its owner.
The 22nd“Goarjani” it causes ruin of wealth.
The 23rd horse has no feather marks placed horizontally which if not a grave defect, lessen the life of the mistress of the house.
The 24th horse has its balls hung up the Groins it is destructive to owners life.
The 25th horse has a long feather mark on the abdomen it is termed as “Shripalo” it brings owner to trouble
The 26th horse has radiating lines and marks on it forehead. It is termed vanio it brings on untold misery and hardships to its owner.
The 27th horse has a mark on its back where the saddle rests it is termed “Shashana”. It is no defect and such a horse can be safely bought.
The 28th horse has a feather mark under the girth- it is termed ( Bandhakatu) “Bandhakatu”. The man who rides such a horse has always to remain on the battle- field. In fact it may be true to say “The saddle is my residence and my throne”.
The 29th horse has stripes on its body like a tiger, and in the sun it resembles a tiger from a distance. It is called (Vagangi) “Vagangi”. It marks its owners ramble about the desert like a tiger.
The 30th horse’s back is like a tigers back. It is inauspicious and brings great misery, and causes a stain to the owner’s reputation, which nothing can remove.
The 31st horse mane of this horse falls equally divided on both the sides of the neck. It is called “ Behaya Lochno”. It is inauspicious to the owner.
The 32nd has a white stripe on the face with a black spot in the centre. It is called “Bandit” and is considered of evil omen.
The 33rd horse has two marks between the ears and is called “Shum Mastaki”. Such a horse will not live longer than four or five years; and if it lives longer then the time it will be the death of the owner.
The 34th horse has feathers marks behind the ears and one outside each ear. It is known as “Paththo”. This also is bad for the master’s life.
The 35th horse has a mark on his chin. It is called (Dundashkalo) “Dundashkalo”. It causes destruction of domestic happiness.
The 36th horse has a whole-colour, but its back in white in colour, and is called “harinag”. This horse may produce the death of its master in battle.
The 37th horse has a mark on the abdomen. It is called “talapat”, and causes pecuniary loss to the owner. Raja Juddheshwar and such a horse. He lost his kingdom and passed his remaining days in the jungle.
The 38th horse has a mark across the stomach. It is called “Prabash”, and is inauspicious for the owner.
The 39th horse has a mark on the abdomen and is called “Patapat”, and is bad for the owner. The 40th horse has a feather mark on one side of the root of the tail. It is called “Jagapat”. It is ordinary a bad mark.
The 41st horse has a mark on the hock. It is known as “Gataupad”. It ruins the owner, and no quadruped would survive the introduction of such a horse in the stable.
The 42nd horse has a mark on the coronet of the foot. It is called “Nashapat” and no one should buy such a horse.
The 43rd horse has white spots on both sides of the nose. It is called “Shhurmukhno”,and is bad and should not be purchased.
The 44th horse has white stripe on the face with a red spot in it. It is called “Dilbhanjan’. It causes mental anxiety fear and despondency to the owner.
The 45th horse has marks on both sides of the “Naipat”. It is bad.
The 46th horse has a mark one ear. It is called “Karanpath”. It causes the death of the owners children.
The 47th horse has on its forehead two long marks like horns. It is called “Bashingo”. It causes loss of reputation of the owner.
The 48th horse has a mark below the eye. It is called “Asupat”. It brings ruin to the owner. The 49th horse puts out his tongue sideways, on the bridle being put on. It is called “Serpanyo”. It is bad, causing death of the owner.
The 50th horse has a long feather mark on the side on the abdomen. It’s called “Nashantni”. It is bad, for it always survives the owners.
The 51st horse has a mark on the lower part of the tail and another at setting of the tail. It is called “Lidau” and will not let another horse stay in the stable, so unlucky is it.
The 52nd horse has only one ball. It is called “Ekadio”. It is unlucky, as it brings an illness on the owner and mental trouble.
The 53rd horse face is like a frog’s head. It is called “Medakmukho”. It is also unlucky.
The 54th horse’s mouth is like a parrot’s head. It is called “shava- mukho”, and is equally unlucky.
The 55th horses face resembles a donkey’s face. It is called “Kharmukho”. It causes family disturbance.
The 56th horse’s upper lip is so short, that the front teeth are visible. It is called “Ujalit”. It is so unlucky that whosoever sees such a horse, suffers from mental anxiety the whole day, and relief can only be obtained by repeated obeisance to the sun.
The 57th horse has 6 teeth and they all point inward. It is called “Apvano” and is productive for the owner’s death.
The 58th horse has a mark for each of the ten orifices of the body. It is most lucky. It should be purchased for the King’s stable. The ten marks are two on the ears, two above the eyes, one on forehead two on upper lip, two on sides of the abdomen, one at the navel. If any of these is absent, the horse becomes very unlucky
The 59th horse has a mark above the knee. It is called “Agpat”. It is unlucky.
The 60th carries its head on one side. It is called (karshanyo) “Karshanyo”, or (Marjanyo) “Marjanyo”. It is unlucky and causes the utter ruin of the master.
The 61st horse, Capt Jai Lall says is whole coloured but its abdomen is white. It’s called “Charanavbhago”. It is also unlucky thus, may it please, Maharaja, these are 60 defects, and unmerited unhappiness may be avoided by observing them during purchases. Besides these, there are other bodily defects and vies.
The 62nd horse eats earth and is called “Kirkhaoo”.
The 63rd is pot-bellied.
The 64th horse is a rearer.
The 65th is colour-blind and cannot see after sun-set.
The 66th horse has Megrims.
The 67th horse is “Ragat-mutra”, that is always passes bloody urine.
The 68th horse is “Thansyo”, that is, it has a chronic persistent cough.
The 69th horse is a biter.
The 70th horse is a kicker.
The 71st horse is a shyer.
The 72nd horse is a crib-biter.
The 73rd horse is a “Panipeshu” i.e.; sit down when led into a stream of water.
Capt Jai Lall Ahlawat also writes about good horses with good marks.
The 1st has a mark on the right side of its chest. It is called “Balion”, and will bring immense prosperity to the owner.
The 2nd horse has long fine hair on the coronet covering the hoof. It is called “Chintamani” and brings happiness to the owner.
The 3rd horse has a mark below the throat. It is “Devmany”, and is very auspicious.
The 4th has five marks- one on the forehead, two on the throat and two on the head. It is called “Mangalo”. Such a horse spreads happiness and prosperity wherever it goes.
The 5th horse has marks on the face, sides left leg and tail called “ AKhand- Mangalo”. It is an excellent and a very auspicious animal, and brings prosperity and success. Raja Janak and Dhilakarna had such horses, and so obtained the world- renowned Ramchandraji, as son – in – law. Such a horse must be purchased at any price. No price is too much for such a horse. The 6th horse has a feather mark on each flank, like a lotus flower. It is called “Shoobh- Mangalo”. By its blessings one obtains good and lucky wife.
“Again horses possess qualifications which determine castes as in a man and too determine these distinguishing attributes; a horse should be seen when drinking water.